What is an LDR?
LDR (Light Dependent Resistor) is light sensitive resistor whose resistance changes with the light intensity that falls upon it. Photoresistor (photo resistor) is manufactured with crystalline structure materials using its photo conductive properties. The most common crystal used are: cadmium sulphide and cadmium selenide.
Normal values for a LDR goes from 50 ohms to 1K (1000 ohms) when it is fully illuminated, and from 50K (50 000 ohms) to several Megohms when it is in the dark.
- They are available in different sizes and shapes.
- Need a small voltage for its operation.
- They are bidirectional and cheap.
- Its resistance does not change instantly when it goes from darkness to light or from light to darkness, and the time LDR takes on this two processes is not always the same.
- As photoresistors does not change its value instantly, they can not be used in many applications, especially those that need a lot of accuracy in time (the time it takes to change its state from dark to light or from light to darkness).
- Another disadvantage is the different values a photoresistors may have for a specific light intensity that falls upon it. Its typical response time is approximately 0.1 seconds.
There are many applications in which a photoresistor is very useful. There are cases where the accuracy of the changes is not important and neither the exact value of its resistance.
- In automatic street lights. A very simple circuit using LDR automatically switches ON lights in evening after Sunset. The same circuit automatically switches OFF lights when Sunlight fall on LDR in morning.
- Alarm systems
- Automatic emergency light system
- Automatic Luminous neon signs
- A lot of circuits and projects
Photoresistor symbol are:
Photoresistor is an extremely useful element, especially when we need to detect presence or absence of light.