## How to measure resistance with a multimeter?

Note: Due to the wide variety and types of measuring instruments available, we will explain the most common method of measuring resistance with a multimeter. In this case, the meter will be the analog multimeter, although it can also be used with the digital multimeter.

The resistance measurement range selector is different from the voltage and current range selectors. When the function selector is in ohms, the measured result is multiplied by the factor shown in the range (see picture).

Common ranges are: R x 1, R x 10, R x 100, R x 1K, R x 10K, R x 1M, where:

• K means Kilohms
• M means Megohms

Not all multimeters / VOM are created equal, so it is very important to look carefully at the range selector.

For example, consider the yellow color in the following image:

• If the multimeter scale reads 4.7 and the range is 1K or 1000, the multimeter would measure a resistance value of 4.7 x 1000 = 4700 ohms or 4.7K (kilo ohms).
• If the multimeter scale reads 2.5 and the range is 10 M or 10 000 000, the multimeter would measure a resistance value of 2.5 x 10 000 000 = 25 000 000 ohms or 25 M (megohms).

It is very important to select the correct function and range before making a measurement. If you make a mistake, you may damage the multimeter. There is another way if you want to  measure a very low value resistor.

In addition, the analog multimeters have two knobs, one that allows you to set the needle to zero (rest position) and the other that allows you to set the reading to zero ohms (0).

To do this, do the following:

• Set the function selector to ohms
• Set the range selector to x 1