Dec 092017
 
UJT or Unijunction transistorRelaxation oscillator using UJT transistor

Unijunction transistor – UJT

The UJT or Unijunction transistor is constituted by two polluted regions, with three external terminals: two bases and one emitter. In the (a) image, the physical structure of this device is shown. The emitter is strongly doped with “p” impurities and the n region weakly doped with “n” impurities.

Therefore, the resistance between the two bases, RBB or interbase resistance, is high (from 5K to 10K when the emitter is open).

UJT Physical Structure and Equivalent Model

The equivalent model represented in the (b) image is constituted by a diode that excites the two internal resistors junction, R1 and R2, which verify that RBB = R1 + R2.

UJT - Unijunction transistor - Physical structure and Equivalent model

When the diode does not conduct, the voltage drop on the R1 resistor (V1) can be expressed as:

UJT- Equivalent V1 voltage

where:

  • VB2B1 is the voltage difference between the bases of the UJT and …
  • The voltage division factor known as the intrinsic relation = R1/(R2+R1) = R1/RBB

UJT – Unijunction transistor equivalent circuit and symbol

The model of this device using transistors is shown in image (c). Its structure is very similar to the four-layer diode structure. When the transistors go into conduction, the voltage drop in R is very low. The symbol of the UJT is shown in the image (d).

UJT Equivalent circuit and Symbol


UJT or Unijunction transistorRelaxation oscillator using UJT transistor

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